创业公司根本不需要管理

本文由PMCAFF 产品经理社区原创专栏作者@ 马云龙 原创,转载请标明出处。

一说到管理,在我们的潜意识里面往往都是行政权利,都是生杀大权,都是威风凛凛,那我们就来分析下管理的本质,创业公司是否需要管理。

什么是管理

管理有很多种解释,比较容易理解的是:管理是由计划、组织、指挥、协调及控制等职能为要素组成的活动过程。

哪些事情需要管理

  1. 制定制度并维护
  2. 绩效考核与奖惩
  3. 职位升迁、招聘与辞退
  4. 公司的重要信息

下面来分析下需要管理的事情是否可以让团队自己完成。

一、制定制度并维护

为什么需要制定制度?

制度其实就是大家共同遵守的办事规程与行动准则,在这样一个 高度依赖协作 的社会里,制度确实是不可或缺,是每一个团队能高效运作的基础。

为什么需要管理?

管理能生成制度

管理能维护制度

不用管理是否可行?

制度的本质是约束,约束的初衷是限制人的惰性,但约束是外驱,人的本性是趋利避害,约束越多,越会增加人的反抗意识,越会限制人的创造力和积极性;所以道家的无为之治,反倒能有更好的效果,只要做到下面几点就可行:

  1. 只招个人目标与公司目标一致的人:只为做成一件事情(让自我实现战胜懒惰)
  2. 只招能高效做事,有很强学习能力的人
  3. 全员持股,全员决策
  4. 让员工和创始人一样,成为真正的主人
  5. 制度能少则少,少到没有为止

二、绩效考核与奖惩

绩效考核主要有考勤、KPI 等,而奖惩无外乎就是奖金、罚款;期权、股权、升职或辞退。

为什么需要绩效考核与奖惩?

为了激励大家更好的工作

也为了惩戒懒散的人

为什么需要管理?

管理能了解每个成员的工作情况;

管理能做到公平公正;

不用管理是否可行?

可行

  1. 设立项目奖金、设定期限与审核标准;
  2. 协作的员工互相背书、相互考评;
  3. 团队自己协商责任与应得奖励;

三、职位升迁、招聘与辞退

为什么需要职位升迁、招聘与辞退?

团队需要自我完善

团队需要优胜劣汰、新陈代新

团队需要更新血液、增强竞争力

为什么需要管理?

管理能更准确的掌握每个人的工作价值;

管理能知道团队的长处与短板;

管理能清楚每个人的工作表现与潜力;

不用管理是否可行?

可行

  1. 扁平化,减少层级结构,提高沟通效率,免去职位本身无意义的附加值
  2. 团队自己更清楚缺什么岗位、谁不称职,可以自我修复与成长

四、公司的重要信息

公司有哪些重要信息?

商业机密

战略上的坏消息

为什么需要管理?

管理能更好的保密

管理能挡住坏消息

不用管理是否可行?

可行

  1. 创业公司一般没有什么杀手锏级的绝密信息;
  2. 让员工知道所有实情,才能更好的培养员工的主人翁意识;
  3. 即使最坏的结果是团队解散,那早解散也比拖着好;

当然,上面这些不需要管理的分析都是有前提条件的:

  1. 创业公司或者有创业精神的公司(不适合 BAT)
  2. 团队成员有强烈的自我实现欲望
  3. 团队成员不斤斤计较、不痴迷权利
  4. 团队成员能安排好工作与生活

相信团队内驱要远胜于生硬的管理,就像一个人每件事情都要经过大脑理性分析,把指令发送给身体、然后再去实施,可能给你一天时间,你也走不出你们家小区的门。(潜意识和身体各个部位每天会帮大脑做无数决策)

最后,希望管理越来越少,制度越来越少;希望人性本身成为管理,人性本身之间的竞争成为制度。

原创文章,作者:PMCAFF产品社区,如若转载,请注明出处:http://36kr.com/p/5042772.html

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